lunes, 1 de noviembre de 2010
Halcón - Hawk
H A L C Ó N
La sabiduría de halcón incluye:
*Clarividencia e Iluminación
*Mensajes del espíritu
*Recuerdo de vidas pasadas
*Ver el cuadro más amplio
*Sabio uso de las oportunidades
*Sobreponerse a los problemas
HALCÓN MALTES La sabiduría del halcón Maltes incluye:
*Asistencia en la curación del alma
*Acompañamiento del alma de regreso al mundo del alma
*Adiestramiento en la rapidez
*Aprender la acrobacia de la vida
*Controlar velocidad y movimiento
*Entender la magia
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Halcon en el horóscopo maya
Este signo está bendecido por el don de la buena suerte. Desde muy pequeños ya tienen una personalidad muy definida y un carácter fuerte. La ambición les surge en la juventud.
Y ya cuando vayan madurando se darán cuenta de que su meta principal en la vida es el triunfo profesional. Intentarán por todos los medios ser los primeros y por ello, no cesarán hasta conseguir lo que desean. Su mente ágil y su memoria les facilitará el estudio. Por ello, son los Halcones los que tienen una mayor representación en la Universidad.
:: Mujer: No es una mujer sencilla, ella es una persona especial y pretende tener a su lado gente única como ella. Para ganar su admiración debe llenarse primero una serie importante de requisitos, la mayoría de ellos excluyentes. Debe ser una persona intelectualmente cultivada, con la que pueda hablar desde Borges a los Fiordos Nórdicos y sus viajes por el Asia; además de tener una amplia información de la actualidad: política, economía y personajes del quehacer internacional.
:: Hombre: Algo curioso: el hombre halcón esta muy bien solo y para cambiar su condición debe encontrar algo que justifique que estará aun mejor.Para seducir a un nativo de este signo hay que ser un mago, un ilusionista y convertir la vida en un milagro para él. Saber que quiere un halcón es un verdadero acertijo, porque cambia constantemente de opinión. Generalmente se relaciona con mujeres bellas porque admira el arte en toda su expresión y para el, el cuerpo de la mujer fue la obra culmine de la creación de Dios. Pero además de tener un cuerpo escultural, la persona que este a su lado debe tener una conversación interesante, poder de síntesis (hablar poco y decir mucho en pocas palabras) y si no tiene nada que decir, mejor que se quede callada.
:: Trabajo: Las profesiones que más afinidad tienen con los halcones son aquellas relacionadas con la ley: abogados, jueces, escribanos, estadistas, embajadores, diplomáticos son tan solo algunas de ellas. También aman volar por ello muchos son aviadores, comisarios de abordo o azafatas.
:: Amor: El halcón se enamora una vez y para toda la vida, su primer gran amor quedará grabado por siempre en su corazón. Puede intentar un segundo o tercer matrimonio, pero en el fondo una parte de sí permanecerá guardada, sin entregarse por completo
:: Compatibilidades: El halcón elige muy bien a sus amistades, prefiere la compañía de la serpiente porque es sabia y milenaria, también de las lechuzas con las que compartirá secretos inconfesables. Se enamorará de las ardillas que lo conquistarán por traviesas y divertidas.
::Predicciones para este año:
Características. La buena suerte ilumina a estos nativos. Poseen un carácter fuerte y una personalidad bien definida desde muy pequeños. Durante su juventud, la ambición es su principal objetivo y ya adultos, este objetivo se dirige hacia el triunfo profesional, en donde trabajen. El estudio les resultará muy fácil, ya que tienen una mente muy ágil. Poseen un gran sentido del deber y son hijos sumamente responsables que se convertirán en fieles amantes. Hay nativos que suelen vivir luchando contra las normas. Poseen una gran riqueza interior y suelen ser muy independientes. Durante su vida tienen como único objetivo buscar la paz.
En el amor. Las relaciones sentimentales, durante este año, pasarán por un gran momento. Superarán la racha de discusiones, separaciones y divorcios, y comenzarán a vivir muy buenos momentos. Podrán encaminar muy bien a las futuras parejas, gracias a las difíciles experiencias que han sufrido. Los nativos que están solos, tendrán la posibilidad de encontrar pareja de la cual se enamorarán profundamente. Dentro de las parejas estables habrá dos puntas bien definidas, por un lado estarán los nativos que afiancen con gran compromiso y estabilidad, la relación y por el otro, los que terminarán definitivamente con la relación ante la realidad, de que esta no funciona.
En la amistad. Los pocos amigos con los que cuenta el Halcón, son de un gran compromiso y calidad intelectual. Estos nativos consideran como hermanos, a sus amigos. Sus mejores amigos son los nativos de La Lechuza, con los que comparten una visión espiritual. Serán amigos inseparables de las Ardillas con los que viven la diversión.
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El Halcón simbolizaba la unión que existía entre las fuerzas celestiales y las terrenales.
Tenía diversas manifestaciones:
Como Horajti simbolizando al sol en su cenit.
Por ser un ave intrépida y peleadora fue elegida como símbolo de varios dioses guerreros como Behedety, Hemen y Montu.
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Hawk, Power Animal, Messenger, Discernment, Intuition, Observation, Wisdom, Courage, Truth
By Ina Woolcott
The hawk's gifts include clear sightedness, being observant, long distance memory, messages from the universe, guardianship, recalling past lives, courage, wisdom, illumination, seeing the bigger picture, creativity, truth, experience, wise use of opportunities, overcoming problems, magic, focus.
Hawk is associated with the number 14, with the tarot card Temperance. The Temperance card represents the teaching of higher expressions of psychic ability and vision.
The Hawk represents a messenger in the Native American culture. It often shows up in our life when we need to pay attention to the subtle messages found around us, and from those we come into contact with. As with all messages received, it is important to recognise the messages underlying truth. We will be taught to be observant and also pay attention to what we may overlook. This could mean a talent we aren't using, a gift or unexpected help for which we haven't shown our gratitude for, or a message from the Universe. As there are so many hawk varieties, the messages vary and can affect all levels of our psyche.
Hawks are the protectors and visionaries of the Air. They hold the key to higher levels of consciousness. This power animal enables us to awakens vision and inspires a creative life purpose. Having Hawk as power animal means your life will be filled with responsibility, because Hawk people seek the overall view. You will most probably be aware of omens and spirit messages.
A Red tailed Hawk is special. It will ALWAYS be with you, for life. It has direct ties to the Kundalini, the seat of primal life force. It is linked to the base chakra. If you have this power animal, you need to be aware of and work toward fulfilling your soul's destiny. It reflects far greater intensity of energy within your life: physically, emotionally and mentally. Spiritual forces will be felt strong within you.
One trait all hawks share, is the ability to move between the seen and unseen realms gracefully, joining both worlds together. Their acute vision attributes this ability, their discriminating nature keeps them out of dangers path. Hawks have a broad vision, allowing them to see what the future holds. In man this is a symbol of prophetic insight. If this gift is underdeveloped, it is common for people with this power animal to have a tendency of over analysing everything. When this is so, clear vision is lost. You must learn to keep your analytical mind under control, not allowing it to run wild.
Hawk posses many hunting skills. The most common, when pursuing prey, is to swiftly follow the prey's efforts to get away. Once the prey is caught in the hawks mighty talons, it is then dismembered with their sharply pointed, powerful beak. For us, this may indicate that we may be able to run, but not hide from our destiny. For, eventually it will catch up with us.
The destiny of man is to awaken from their spiritual amnesia and to realign with the original intention of their soul. When the hawk gets a hold of us in his powerful talons, we will be asked to evaluate who we have become and to shatter our self created illusions. This will help our inner truth to come out into the open and for it to shine.
Hawk denotes union with All That Is. The hawk is a bird of the heavens, arranging the changes necessary to prompt our spiritual growth. Having this power animal can be bitter sweet. When accepting its presence in your life, you will be asked to surrender/give up anything that doesn't honour the integrity of all life. Whether its an idea, feeling or action. Although hard work is involved, the rewards to be reaped are great, far outweighing this.
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Red Tailed Hawk Affirmation Card: I am healed and empowered through my visions. My life moves forward.
There are many types of Hawks found throughout the world and each has medicine specific to their individual types. Yet there also characteristics that are specific to all Hawks and those are the focus here.
Hawks are visionaries and messengers. As a totem they help to open the higher chakras so that we may hear and see the visions and messages that Spirit and the Universe are always sending our way. There is never a moment when the Universe is not trying to get a message through to us but we are so often too busy or unaware of what it is we need to be watching for! Hawk helps us to not only be aware that we are receiving a message but how to interpret them. The realm of symbols is also the realm of Hawk for Hawk is able to soar high above the earth to soar on the breath of Spirit, to commune with Spirit and thus understand through the intuitive level what the message means and with their keen eyesight, how to implement it once they return to earth through seeing the broader picture below.
Many of the messages Hawk may bring are about freeing yourself of thoughts and beliefs that are limiting your ability to soar above your life and gain a greater perspective. If one remains earthbound, then the possibilities of life are limited! It is this ability to soar high above to catch a glimpse of the bigger picture that is one of the aspects of Hawk medicine that makes it so valuable: If one is undergoing a difficult passage to know that just over the next hill is freedom and liberation if one keeps going can be a Godsend in supporting the person to keep moving forward! Likewise, if the path is not appropriate, Hawk Medicine can alert one to this and point out a far more favourable path.
Hawk medicine unites Heaven and Earth. Because of their ability to soar, they are able to reach up to the heavens to extract needed information and bring it back to earth. Much of this information is also very practical for use on a daily basis! It is not only higher concepts or ideas that are relayed, but also information we need to make our material or mundane lives more prosperous and fulfilling. For those who have difficulty attracting financial well being due to false or negative beliefs about money and success, Hawk can help to understand the true spiritual intent and purpose behind money and guide one in establishing new beliefs that are more joyful and abundant in nature.
Hawk can alert us to those times when we should NOT take action because we do not yet have all the information we need. For example, someone is thinking of about becoming involved in a relationship, personal or business, yet they get the feeling that something is "not quite right". This needs to be heeded and Hawk sent forth to gather the appropriate information to help the person make the best choice. Sometimes the person finds that Hawk was telling them to steer clear for very good reasons!
Hawk can also help balance those who are more attuned to the lunar sides of their nature and have trouble expressing the solar side in pursuit of their goals. It helps the person to activate the positive aspects of their sun sign and to balance it with the lunar needs.
Hawk people have their own unique challenges in life. Often they feel misunderstood in that when they attempt to deliver an important message others may shy away from it or respond with anger. Sometimes the messages may not be what the other person really wants to hear and yet the Hawk person feels duty bound to relay the message, no matter the consequences. It is important however that Hawk people do be aware of how they are presenting the messages they receive. They need more than many others to try and deliver the messages as gently as they can, only becoming more forceful if their inner guidance absolutely says it is needed. Sometimes simply thinking through for a time what needs to be said can help Hawk medicine people find just the right words to use that will make all the difference and in this they should be encouraged to take their time and soar above for a while before speaking their truth.
Hawk medicine people like many who carry strong predator totems may be shunned by others who sense and fear their inner power. Others may sense that this is a person who can see straight through them and as many folks think in terms of judging things as being good or bad, they are afraid that the Hawk person will see who they "really" are and so they strike first in an attempt to keep the Hawk person at bay. Hawk people need to learn how to veil their energy somewhat, not as an attempt to deceive others but to allow people to get to know them and understand that Hawk has no interest in judging others. Often these people have seen so much of the best and worst in life that they find they have no need to judge. All is part and parcel of Spirit's plan and if Spirit sees fit not to judge, why should the Hawk person?
Some Hawk people may have a tendency because of their vast ability to see clear through to the heart of things to become arrogant and this should be avoided because it keeps them earthbound as well as turning other people off! Often this starts as confusion on the part of the Hawk person who cannot understand why others seem unable to be as aware of the larger picture and their own issues and projections. Especially when the Hawk person also has Mercury in Aquarius or in Mercury in aspect to Uranus which further enhances their ability to see and know, they may fail to understand that others are not as well developed yet in these areas and blurt out what they see and know without thinking of how it may impact another person. If they can keep in mind that their talents and abilities are gifts they have been given and that others carry medicine that the Hawk person may be weak in expressing it helps them to stay focused on Spirit as the true messenger and that they are the Hollow Bones for the energy to flow through. No totem is better than another! Each is part of the larger tapestry and as such all are powerful and important.
Some with Hawk medicine find they have difficulty attracting the "right life Partner". Hawk people may find that they tend to attract more "earthy" types who find the Hawk person's need to "soar" disruptive or unimportant. This may occur because at a deeper level the Hawk person is fearful of soaring too high and crashing to earth Icarus like. In this instance, the Hawk person's real issue is one of learning how to trust themselves and their medicine. Hawk people can pair well with more earth centered people because the earthy person can encourage the Hawk person to stay on earth long enough to bring some of their visions and ideas to fruition before soaring off to the Heights again. It can be very easy for hawk people to want to stay high above the earth and never bring their wonderful ideas back to earth where they and others can put them practice.
Since Hawks mate for life, the Hawk Person may need to accept that it may take them some time before they find the person meant for them yet when they do, it is well worth the wait! Otherwise the Hawk person may find themselves tied to someone and unable to free themselves easily because of the deep entanglements they have created with this other person. Especially if children are involved in the relationship, the Hawk person may feel an extra strong sense of duty to stay in the relationship for the "sake of the children" as in many cases I have seen where the Hawk person ended up as the sole provider for the family . What the Hawk person needs is someone who can accept and honour their gifts and talents, giving them the space they need to soar high above.
In the Celtic tradition Hawk empowers a person to seek out their ancestral roots and to examine in depth that which is positive so that it may be integrated into the person's life and that which is limiting so it can be released. Tradition is only worth honoring when it supports joy and fulfillment in one's life! In this tradition Hawk also supports the solar side as stated above, helping a person to move forward in life and to seek out great quests to embark upon.
In the Egyptian Tradition Hawk was associated with Magic and shapeshifting. Isis is said to have shapeshifted into a Hawk to save Osiris. Horus also carried Hawk medicine which allowed him to see the "unseeable".
Among Native American traditions, Hawk served the role of Mercury, bringer of messages and portents of change. Hawk reminded the people they needed to be awake and aware.
One of the greatest gifts a Hawk medicine person can give the world is their visions of a better and brighter future. Visionaries are always ahead of their time and it's not easy seeing what others are not ready to see. Often these people are not honoured and recognized for their work and efforts until long after they have crossed over. And yet their work lives on to touch and enrich the lives of people the world over! Honour the Hawk people you meet in your life. Encourage them to soar so they may bring their visions and messages back to earth that all may benefit. If you are a Hawk person yourself, understand that Spirit can you an especial task to hold the energy of what could be, of potentials that are waiting to be envisioned and thus expressed through the mass consciousness. Seek out other Hawk people who can support you in your life and never allow others to cause you to lose sight of what is really important to you! Trust in the messages that Spirit entrusts to your special care and know that the expression of your visions will bring blessings not only to you, but also to all others!
Here is a brief expression of three specific Hawk medicines:
Red Tailed Hawk - An intensified Life force, often those who carry this Hawk medicine have Pluto and Mars strong in the horoscope. These folks are able to achieve great things through persistence and sheer strength of will. This Hawk can also help a person understand and overcome obstacles to prosperity and abundance.
Harris Hawk - represents cooperation and support from others. Libra or Venus may be strong in the horoscope or Venus in Aquarius or in the 11th house. A more Mercurial/Virgo aspect is also prominent with this medicine, also the North Node in Virgo or the 11th house. This Hawk helps one to spread the word about goals or projects to those people who can be helpful for you. For those who use music to help them soar high above, this is a wonderful totem to be working with as it helps to integrate music and sound as a healing modality.
Sparrowhawk - Awareness that opportunities that seem small on the surface have the potential for great growth and expansion over time. This Hawk helps us to see through to the heart of events and synchronicities that are trying to lead us to our greater goals and higher good. So often we ignore the smaller things in life because we can't see how they could possibly be of much use to us or help us to resolve a problem. Yet when we soar high above to see where they fit in the larger scheme of things, we see how they are a jumping off point that if it were not presented to us and pursued, we could not reach that we are truly seeking.
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Spirit of Red Tailed Hawk
Role: ~The Visionary~
Lesson: Discover Dormant Abilities
Wind: ~East~ Illumination & Peace~
Awareness of the Big Picture Guardianship Truth
Channeling Visionary Latent Power
Messages from the Blue Road of Spirit
Higher Calling Illumination
When observing the Red Tailed Hawk, the most distinguishing characteristics and attributes of these splendid birds of prey, are their eyesight, sharp talons that adorn their feet, and their vibrant red tail feathers. These are the very characteristics that reflect the Latent Power of this member of the Hawk family.
For purposes of examining the keyword of ~Latent Power,~ we begin with the Hawk`s sharp talons. In the wild, a Hawk`s talons are instruments of deadly precision. The talons will grasp their prey in a merciless grip while the beak rips and shreds in the quest for survival.
The second component to observe in the Red Tailed Hawk as it pertains to the key word of ~Latent Power,~ are the vibrant red tail feathers of the mature Hawk. These feathers are a Gift of maturation, and the power and energy that they represent for the two-legged with this raptor as a Primary Totem is very significant.
***For the two-legged beside whom Red Tail Hawk flies, a sharp mind will be evident, and these souls will possess the ability to perceive the subtlest of nuances that might escape other less "observant" individuals. Although this may be a tremendous Gift in assisting the Red Hawk Soul in the business world (and less ~intimate~ arenas of their daily Life), this same gift of communication and sharp intellect can also be used as a weapon, and words may become like the sharp beak and unrelenting talons of their Totem when these individuals are either attacked, or if they are operating from an unintegrated Personality Center.
There may be situations and circumstances when there is a need for the type of more ~direct~ speech that the Red Hawk Soul is capable of, and in those circumstances, the use of this inherent talent serves the individual well. Yet part of the evolutionary process for the Red Tailed Hawk individual, is in learning how to master this gift and wield its great power with conscious awareness, ever-mindful of its potential for either great insight, or great damage. When the Red Hawk Soul is then operating from such Higher Intent, these are the natural born investigators, psychics, attorneys and observers that deploy their acumen for insight and direct speech in a constructive, rather than destructive, manner.
Looking at the next component in understanding the Red Tailed Hawk`s Power, are the beautiful red tail feathers which distinguish this Hawk from other cousins. This Hawk does not receive his/her red feathers until a sufficient level of maturation has been achieved. When looking to the human beside whom Red Hawk flies, this is quite significant as well, for it indicates that the Red Feathers are not easily given, and must instead be "earned."
When witnessed in Nature, the color Red represents Power, Energy, and the Kundalini. The Kundalini is the Force that directs the flow of all other energy fields within the physical body. This Force lies dormant within each of us when we take up the ~Robe of Physical Life, and is thought to lie coiled at the ~base chakra~ (located near the base of the spine) and referred to as the ~Serpent Power.~ There the Power lies sleeping until it is awakened via the Soul who begins the journey on the road of spiritual discovery and who is consciously acknowledging and incorporating their Life Lessons.
Some envision the Kundalini as a powerful sexual energy, yet to view it thus is to limit the true breadth and power of this fundamental energy, for it is then keeping that energy coiled at the base chakra (sexual center), rather than encouraging it to reach further and higher.
At the time the energy is awoken, it begins to rise up through the other six energy centers (chakras). As it passes through each of these chakras, the lessons, issues and areas of our lives which are symbolized and or ~governed~ by these energy centers, are opened for our acknowledgment through the process of Conscious Awareness. Thus, when the Kundalini has completely uncoiled, its energy unfurled along the length of the spine and flowing easily through all seven energy points to emerge through the top (or ~Crown~) Chakra, a state of ~Enlightenment~ is experienced. (For an insightful & deeper look into the Chakras after finishing reading about the Red-Tailed Hawk Totem, I suggest visiting Mermaids Esoteric Site by clicking here)
This is a gradual process however, and should never be forced or pushed, for those who have attempted to do so, often experience either physical or mental/emotional collapse that can end one in a visit to the hospital or seriously ill. Hence, the symbolism of the Red Tail Feathers emerging only after sufficient maturation. For the two-legged with this Animal Totem, this indicates the need to approach spiritual awakening in a gradual, careful and conscious manner.
Yet once this fundamental energy unfurls as the Red Tail Feathers emerge, the beauty and depth of Spirit that shines brilliantly forth, will be both inspiration and guidance for Others who may be just beginning, or in the process of, their own awakening.***
All Hawks are renowned for their visual acuity, with members of the Hawk and Owl family possessing the greatest vision of all raptors.
Red Tailed Hawks will utilize this powerful vision while soaring on the wind’s currents far above that they may have a broad field of vision with which to discover, then track, their intended prey.
***Red Tailed Hawk will soar beside the Two-Legged whose own gift of psychic vision may be exceptionally acute. This may take the form of precognitive dreams and/or ~visions~ during which these souls are quite literally able to "see the future."
If the gift of vision is not present from birth, then there will exist within the Red Hawk soul, the ability to pierce the veil that separates falsehood from truth. They will also possess an intensive gaze that can leave those who might find themselves the object of such a gaze, squirming under the penetrating stare.
Equally, Red Tailed Hawk individual, will have the ability to view the broad picture, in much the same fashion that a Hawk can gain a wide view of their surroundings while soaring on the unseen currents of wind as they ride the sky. The human counterpart will be a believer in the philosophy that all things happen for a reason, and it will be this awareness of the ~Big Picture,~ that will assist both themselves, and those whom they share their gift of keen insight with, through many a difficult time***
In the following quote, Chief Seattle eloquently expresses the concept of Guardianship. "What is man without the beasts? If all the beasts were gone, man would die from a great loneliness of spirit. For whatever happens to the beasts, soon happens to man. All things are connected.
You must teach the children that the ground beneath their feet is the ashes of your grandfathers. So that they will respect the land, tell your children that the earth is rich with the lives of our kin. Teach your children what we have taught our children, that the earth is our mother.
Whatever befalls the earth, befalls the sons of the earth. If men spit upon the ground, they spit upon themselves. This we know, the earth does not belong to man, man belongs to the earth.“ ~Chief Seattle~
***Part of the Role for the two-legged beside whom Red Tailed Hawk flies is that of Guardian of the Earth Mother. These are individuals who will possess an astute awareness of the concept of the interconnectedness of all things, and will have an inner reverence for all life.
These are the souls that are involved in making the world a better place, whether locally or globally. They will be protectors of the Earth Mother and tread softly upon her, encouraging and educating ~Others~ to do the same.
Often, they are either found initiating or actively involved in environmental causes, where their keen perception and insight will serve their chosen ~cause~ well. Yet it is their day to day existence and fundamental philosophy/foundation of action and belief, that distinguishes these individuals as true champions of Mother Earth as they seek to live in harmony with the ~Ina Maka~ and all that She births, provides, nurtures and sustains.
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Totem Hawk Spirit Guide
Symbolism of the Hawk as Power Animal or Animal Familiar to Shamans
A Hawk Totem or Spirit Guide symbolizes foresight and perception to the shaman.
The hawk spirit guide is a messenger from the spirit world, blessed with deep connections with the sun and remarkable psychic perception. His acute powers of observation, along with his deep intuition make the totem hawk a powerful companion for the seeker on shamanic journeys.
Universal Hawk Shaman Symbolism
While different species of hawk each have their own unique shamanic symbolism, there are also universal characteristics common to all hawks as power animal:
-The totem hawk offers deep wisdom and knowledge thanks to his wide perspective on the world and its events. This also applies to his understanding of the spirit world, which makes his assistance invaluable to the shaman in unfamiliar realms.
-The hawk shaman benefits from the bird’s natural psychic sense, at times gaining the gift of second sight through him.
-The hawk spirit guide gives his shaman powers of natural and unforced leadership. People will naturally feel drawn to follow the hawk shaman’s guidance through trust and affection.
Symbolism of Hawk Species as Totem Animals
In addition to the universal characteristics of hawk spirit guides, each species brings its own special qualities to the shamans they guide in the spirit world:
-The diet of the sparrowhawk, sharp-shinned hawk and goshawk is mainly feathered, giving these birds an enhanced affinity with the air, symbolizing creativity, vision and focus. As power animals, these hawks gives great energy to new projects of ambitious scope.
-The noble peregrine falcon is renowned for his incredible speed and skill in flight; the peregrine falcon spirit guide bestows patience and precision.
-The kestrel is a bird that can gracefully hover and choose the right moment to act. The shaman with a kestrel animal familiar approaches all situations with great skill and judgment.
-The red-tailed hawk shaman is as great in spirit as the red tailed hawk is great in stature. The realization of noble visions and great deeds is to be expected when this beautiful hawk accompanies the shaman.
Shamans fortunate enough to be blessed with a hawk as power animal enjoy great perception, perspective on complex situations and powers of leadership. They quickly gain perspective and intuitive understanding on shamanic journeys. Often gifted spiritual leaders, the hawk shaman is a respected and important elder in his or her community, regardless of age.